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Design for manufacture (DfM) means designers design specifically for optimum use of existing manufacturing capability. Designers need to consider designing products so they can be easily and efficiently manufactured with minimal impact on the environment. Design for Manufacture can be a constraint on the design brief. There are four aspects of DfM.


  1. Design for materials
  2. Design for process
  3. Design for assembly
  4. Design for disassembly

May 2016- John Zobrist

Japanese footwear designer Roderick Pieters and fashion brand Proef have created pairs of easy-to-assemble shoes that are tied together instead of using glue. This article from Dezeen explains many aspects of DfM that have been taken into account when designing these social, moral and ethically designed shoes.



“We wanted to fabricate the footwear in a responsible way: less harmful for workers, lower carbon footprint and less waste, so we had to start from scratch,” Pieters told Dezeen.


This prompted the designers to develop a glueless construction method, using a thin nylon rope to tie the shoes together instead. Each shoe can easily be assembled by hand and repaired by the owner if necessary.


“As a shoe maker and designer I know the effect of the glue that is used in the shoe industry,” said Pieters. “After a day of working with it you feel dizzy and kind of high so imagine if you are exposed to the vapours every day.”


“Every time I visit a shoe factory I almost feel bad about being part of it,” he added.


The team also intends to prevent unnecessary transportation by sourcing the leather locally to where the shoe is assembled.


“We only produce the soles in China and add the leather locally.” explained Pieters. “Instead of shipping one pair of shoes you can ship four pairs of soles.”


Read more @ Dezeen