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8.1 Sustainable Development

8.1 Sustainable Development

Triple bottom line sustainability : environmental, economic and social. Historically there has been a close correlation between economic growth and environmental degradation—as economic prosperity increases so environmental quality decreases. This trend is clearly...
2.5 Green Design

2.5 Green Design

Often, legislation requires governments and manufacturers to comply over many years.  This can be beneficial to companies and manufacturers as they can adopt incremental approaches to green design therefore minimising the cost, however some environmental concerns, for...
1.1c Physiological Factors

1.1c Physiological Factors

Physical ergonomics is concerned with human anatomy, and some of the anthropometric, physiological and biomechanical characteristics as they relate to physical activity. Physical ergonomic principles have been widely used in the design of both consumer and industrial...
4.2b Timber

4.2b Timber

Natural  timber  is  timber  that  is  used  directly  from  the  tree  after  being  seasoned  (a  controlled drying process). It is actually a type of composite material because it is made up of cellulose (wood fibres) held together with a natural adhesive (lignin)....
4.5 Production systems

4.5 Production systems

Design for manufacture (DfM) means designers design specifically for optimum use of existing manufacturing capability. Designers need to consider designing products so they can be easily and efficiently manufactured with minimal impact on the environment. Design for...